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16-20 October 2018 Granada, Spain. 3rd training mobility of the Erasmus + Jardin sans frontière Partnership, a school to develop key competences in Europe.
Sunday 21 October 2018
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The third training mobility organized by the Spanish partners takes place in Granada, Spain. The participants are professors attached to the five partner organizations of the project, 10 students from 17-18 years old at the Agrupamento de Escolas Joao de Deus in Faro, Portugal and 2 young adults aged 17-18 attached to the Acquamarina Association of Trieste , Italy.

Description of the accommodation and the meeting place
To carry out the program of activities, we chose the university residence of the Corrala de Santiago, a recently renovated historical building, located in the historic center of the city, which allowed us to welcome the participants (trainers and students ) and to hold the working sessions, in a meeting room of the same building. This strategy was designed to facilitate coexistence and create a sense of community while allowing us to optimize lead times and reduce distances traveled for external activities. Inaugural session and broadcast of the meeting.
The program of activities had been announced to the media in advance through the press service of the University of Granada, which covered the opening ceremony and, during the period of the meeting, proposed the news on the cover of his website. The information was also transferred to the press service of Granada City Council and Science Park, which provided information on their respective web pages.
The inaugural session of the meeting was chaired by Vice-Chancellor of the University, D. Víctor Medina Flórez, during the working session held in Carmen de los Mártires, José Vallejo Prieto, Director General of Culture of the city of Granada and, during the session held at the Science Park, Mrs. Guadalupe de la Rubia Sánchez and Mrs. Isabel López Santos, responsible for the Department of Education of the Science Park.

During the days devoted to mobility, an exhibition was organized at the University Residence of Corrala de Santi and an exhibition of artistic works (drawings and ceramics) related to the activities carried out within the framework of the project and realized by the students from IES Escultor Sánchez Mesa Otura (Granada) who worked intensively on our project. The exhibition coordinated by professors Carmen Casas Úbeda and Maria Silvia Cañete Romero was visited by more than 100 people.

Design of the work program.
The work program was designed by combining preparatory sessions in the meeting room of Corrala de Santiago, field work in various gardens of the Alhambra and surrounding area, visits to the science park and working sessions Experimental laboratory, in the Department of Botany of the Faculty of Pharmacy of the University of Granada.
We wanted to take advantage of the educational value of the gardens of the Alhambra, probably one of the best collections of gardens in the world, which, in a small space, covers a temporary arch that covers the Middle Ages until today with excellent examples of the Mannerist, romantic, regionalist, avant-garde and current periods that allow to know the aesthetic and botanical differences characteristic of each era and learn to read the survivals and the transformations of these spaces over time.
Summary of activities carried out
Due to the bad weather we had during the work week, we were forced to readjust the order of the initial schedule based on weather forecasts, although fortunately this did not result in the loss of any of the planned training activities.

16 October 2018
After the official inauguration by the academic authorities, the first morning working session was devoted to
- the presentation of teaching experiences related to the project conducted at IES Escultor Sánchez Mesa by Professors Carmen Casas beda and Silvia Cañete Romero, whose works come from the aforementioned exhibition.
- Prof. Aline Rutily’s presentation of the "Virtual Garden Notebook" application.

We then went to the garden of the Rodríguez-Acosta Foundation, a garden at the forefront of culture labeled "Of Cultural Interest", located on the hill of the Alhambra, where we made a discovery tour led by Professors José Tito Rojo and Manuel Casares Porcel. We have experimented with students and teachers on some key issues related to the interpretation of garden structures and the biological behavior of plants.
The afternoon session consisted of a series of workshops in the Granada Science Park, where the head of the Department of Education and Activities, Ms Guadalupe of Rubia Sánchez, had the educational opportunities developed by the park, through its facilities, including the Biodomo, the Mariposario and the outdoor didactic gardens.

17 October 2018
The day was devoted to field work in the gardens.

In the morning, we went to the Alhambra, where we were received by the head of the gardens and forests department of the Alhambra and Generalife Supervisory Board. Professors Manuel Casares Porcel and José Tito Rojo then addressed the main aspects of the botanical, landscape and historical interest of the gardens of the complex. At the end of the morning, the practical exercise "El Jardín y el Tiempo" took place at the Patio de la Acequia del Generalife, one of the oldest gardens, for which we were allowed to access a private area. The exercise, which reproduces one of the techniques used in the historical study of gardens, consisted of reconstructing the sequence of transformations taking place in the garden from a series of images printed in A3 format over a period of extends from the early nineteenth century to the present day. These documents were distributed in a "messy" manner to each group of participants. The goal is to encourage the student
- to perceive the transformations of the gardens due to the modes, the environmental conditions and the growth of the plants,
- to understand that, contrary to other artistic manifestations, gardens are mutable elements.

The afternoon session was held at the Carmen de los Mártires, a 7-hectare historic garden, labeled "Of Cultural Interest" and owned by the city of Granada. During the working session, Mr. José Vallejo Prieto, Director General of Culture of the City of Granada, joined us.
The field work consisted in using the "Interactive Guide of Trees, Shrubs and Climbers of Carmen de los Mártires (Granada)", an online tool developed specifically for the Garden without Borders project by Professors Pierluigi Nimis from University of Trieste, and Manuel Casares Porcel and José Tito Rojo of the University of Granada. The tool, open to the public, is available as part of the free application "Key to Nature"; it can be used as a means of online identification that allows even sufficient botanical training, thanks to the availability of hundreds of images. It is to identify according to the same methodology as that commonly used in botanical research on trees, shrubs and vines present in the garden. The purpose for which the tool was developed is twofold since it allows the user
- to become familiar with plant structure and botanical terminology from the images
- to identify by their scientific name the species of the place. During the visit, we distributed to students and teachers a collection of water samples from the garden fountains for the next day, preparing for the laboratory activity consisting of a microscopic study of the living in a drop of water.

18 October 2018
The day was devoted to laboratory activities that took place in the Department of Botany of the Faculty of Pharmacy.

In the morning the activity was prepared by members of the Padua Botanical Garden, through a presentation by Professor Mariacristina Villani and Professor Manuel Casares on "Life in a drop of water" which aims to discover the biological diversity of the flora of freshwater springs and streams. The participants observed the different forms of life found in the water samples collected during the previous day’s visit to the "Carmen de los Mártires".

In the afternoon, two activities proposed by the team of the Acquamarina de Trieste association were developed. The first was a presentation by Professor Alessandro Logar of the University of Trieste on the role of mathematics, geometry and fractals in the management of plant structures. Annamaria Castellan then conducted a photography workshop in which photographic contact techniques were experimented to reproduce plant forms.

19 October 2018
Professors José Tito and Manuel Casares presented the Botanical Garden of the University of Granada. A workshop dedicated to the production of texts and images to build a "Garden Notebook", was then developed by the young people and teachers, led in the garden, by Professor Aline Rutily. The afternoon was spent approaching the historic center of the city of Granada.

20 October 2019
During the morning session, the mobility review was conducted in the Corrala de Santiago meeting room, with a very active participation of teachers and students, exchanging their experiences and evaluating the contents and experienced methodologies.
In the afternoon, the closing ceremony of the mobility took place in the gardens of Carmen de la Victoria.

José Tito Rojo, curator of the Botanical Garden of the University of Granada
Manuel Casares Porcel, director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Granada

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